Agreement Trade Facilitation

    Where appropriate, each member shall regularly consult its border agencies and traders or other stakeholders in its territory. In addition, both developing and least-developed countries had to provide the WTO with information on the contact points for the coordination of these TACBs (Article 22(3)). As of 22 February 2019, only five developing countries have complied with this obligation. This low level of respect makes it more difficult for donors and development partners to coordinate aid and rely on the willingness of these countries to implement ambitious trade facilitation projects. The European Union promotes and plays a leading role in trade facilitation: trade facilitation was placed on the WTO agenda in December 1996. Wto members adopted, on 14 November 2001, a declaration containing a negotiating mandate in the area of trade facilitation. It will make trade management simpler and less costly and will also help improve transparency, increase opportunities for small and medium-sized enterprises to participate in global value chains and reduce policy space for corruption. 1.5 The Committee shall maintain close contacts with other international organisations in the field of trade facilitation, such as the ORGANISATION, with a view to obtaining the best possible advice for the implementation and management of this Agreement and to ensure that unnecessary duplication is avoided. The composition of the expert group ensures a balance between nationals of developing countries and members of industrialized countries. If a member of the least developed country is involved, the group of experts shall be composed of at least one national of a member of a least developed country.

    If the Committee is unable to agree on the composition of the group of experts within twenty days of its establishment, the Director General, in consultation with the chair of the committee, shall determine the composition of the group of experts referred to in this paragraph. . . .