Afghanistan Peace Agreement

    Therefore, the Afghan government was not a party to the agreement between the United States and the Taliban. Instead, the February 2020 agreement required the Taliban to negotiate directly with the Afghans. The annexes to the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, which have never been published, should set limits on fighting. According to a well-placed source, the Taliban have been allowed to continue their operations in rural areas, but not in major cities. Mutual distrust means that the peace process could collapse. The Taliban do not accept Afghanistan`s internationally recognized government as legitimate, dethough it has run in three elections since it came to power after the fall of the Taliban regime by the US invasion in 2001. Afghanistan`s second vice president, Sarwar Danish, on Monday called on Biden`s new US administration to reconsider ongoing peace talks with the Taliban. The Council also includes mujahideen and jihadist leaders who fought the Soviet Union in the 1980s, but who were also involved in a brutal civil war in Afghanistan that followed their seizure of power in 1992, which left 50,000 civilians dead in Kabul. Among them is Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who signed a peace agreement with Ghani in 2016 but was previously declared a terrorist by the United States. The Taliban in Afghanistan on Tuesday called on US President-elect Joe Biden to continue working towards the Doha peace agreement with the group signed under Donald Trump`s administration. Based on publicly available information, I note that the Taliban have met only two of the seven conditions set out in their peace agreement with the United States: the release of 1,000 Afghan prisoners and the opening of talks with the Afghan government. Under the Trump administration, the agreement signed between the United States and the Taliban paved the way for inter-Sudanese peace talks in Doha between the Kabul government and the Taliban. These discussions in the Qatari capital, however, have not led to de facto progress since the launch on 12 September.

    Afghan peace talks: The woman who has negotiated peace agreements with the Taliban usually has enforcement mechanisms that make each party accountable for its commitments. This is not the case with the agreement between the United States and the Taliban. It contains no provision on what will happen if the Taliban break their promises, other than the U.S. halts its withdrawal. The Kataris, which are hosting the peace talks on Afghanistan, do not have the formal power to push the parties to comply. All those participating in the talks have acknowledged that they will be a challenge — there are deep differences of opinion between the two sides and the conflict in Afghanistan is still ongoing. The agreement between the United States and the Taliban promised that “up to 5,000” Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government before negotiations, in exchange for 1,000 members of the security forces held by the militants. But international and domestic observers of the Afghan peace process could not confirm that the Taliban had severed relations with al-Qaeda. According to a May 2020 United Nations report, the Taliban met with al-Qaeda several times in 2019 and early 2020 to coordinate “the Taliban`s operational planning, training, and provision of safe ports for al-Qaeda members in Afghanistan.” U.S. and Taliban officials who participated in the signing of a landmark agreement in Qatar in February avoided calling it a “peace agreement.” Under the agreement, the withdrawal of U.S. troops does not depend on the success of intra-Afghan talks, but on the Taliban`s obligations to fight terrorist groups and ensure that Afghanistan is not used as a theater of attacks against the U.S.

    and its allies. Since the signing of the agreement, the Taliban have kept their promise not to attack US and NATO troops, but have regularly attacked Afghan security forces. The government wants an immediate ceasefire, while the Taliban have said the terms should be agreed in the negotiations. . . .